Mean Camaro 'Turbo' Concept <

Mean Camaro ‘Turbo’ Concept

Topic: The concept of emergency. Classification of injuries. Bruises, wounds, animal bites, bleeding.
Objective: Learn the concepts and work out the manual techniques (performed by hand) skills of first aid in these states.
Material for self-study for classes.
Emergency conditions in medicine are those which demand immediate assistance. In its absence, there is a change of organs and tissues of the body, leading to death or disability.
Of emergency conditions under which should be provided pre-hospital medical care, one of the first places are various injuries.
Trauma – is damage to the organ or tissue as a result of external influences.
Injuries are:
a) mechanical (bruises, wounds, sprains, strains, fractures);
b) chemical (burns acids and bases);
a) mental (fear, tragic news);
d) electric shock (electric shock, lightning strike);
e) thermal (burns, frostbite, solar and thermal shock).
Bruises – is internally damaged tissues.
Injuries result from sudden exposure of great strength.
Consequences of injury – a violation of the integrity of the blood vessels without damaging the skin, internal bleeding.
The first signs of pain, swelling and redness at the site of injury.
Attention! With injuries of internal organs (heart, kidney, liver, etc.) may be the only sign of pain.
First aid: to reduce the degree of bleeding and reduce pain.
First aid: attach to the injured spot object having a temperature below the temperature of the skin (skin temperature from 34 to 35 °). You can make ice, snow, a bowl of cold water, cold wet cloth, a metal spoon.
Remember: the more you cool place injury, causing spasm (contraction) of the affected vessels, the easier it will be the consequences of injury.
Attention! With suspected injuries of internal organs immediately consult a doctor.
Wounds – are open soft tissue injuries. Wounds are chopped, sliced, chopped, torn, bullet, bite.
The severity of injury depends on:
a) the place of injury;
b) the depth of the wound;
c) the degree of contamination;
d) the type of microorganisms belonging to a wound. The wound of the skin can be made without visible effect. Wound to the brain always has serious complications, including deep into disability or death. Treatment of deep wounds require additional surgery. Skin and mucous membranes prevent the penetration of infectious agents and toxic substances in the blood stream. Foreign bodies (particles of earth, sand, dust, etc. plant provoke an inflammatory reaction on the site of introduction. Contact with certain microorganisms (eg, agent tetanus) is deadly to humans.